Graphic Arts : the Q&A Marker

What is a «paint marker»?
The «paint» marker, in the same way as paint, comprises pigments and film-forming substances (which implies the ball to help re-homogenise the paint). The pump mechanism serves to load the tip with more or less paint.

Why is it referred to as «oil-based»?
The oil-based paint comprises a solvent base + film-forming substances + pigments. It is formulated with a synthetic mineral oil.

What are the advantages of an oil-based marker?
The advantage of an oil-based marker is that it retains some of the properties of oil paint: it is possible to rework the colour with the odourless mineral spirit and create shading and fading, even several days or weeks after applying the colour. The marker also retains its properties as an extremely graphic tool common to markers.

Is there a link with the Pébéo XL oil range?
The 4ARTIST MARKER and Studio XL oil paints are different products. The 4ARTIST MARKER is formulated with a synthetic mineral oil, whereas XL oil paints are formulated with vegetable oils. Therefore, the properties of the binders are not the same.

What is the difference with a «standard» acrylic marker?

The result is glossy whereas acrylic markers generally have a matte or satin finish. With solvents, the colours are brighter and the drying time is shorter depending on the support. Also, the properties of this marker’s oil allow the colour te be worked again after drying, something not possible with an acrylic marker.

Is the marker’s paint permanent?

The marker’s paint is permanent. It offers excellent lightfastness, excellent stability over time and is resistant to water and alchohol 48 hours after application. However, remember that the marker can be erased to create shaded effects thanks to the 4ARTIST MARKER odourless medium, something that is not possible with acrylic paint which is indelible after drying.

What does lightfastness mean and how is it calculated?

Lightfastness, or resistance to light, is calculated according to the value of the difference between the section exposed to UV light and the section hidden from it. The greater this difference, the less reistant it will be. The test method is obtained according to ASTM D 5067 standards which is common for all the products tested. The lightfastness of the 4ARTIST MARKER is very good and consistent across the board.

What is the drying time?

Drying is fast: 2-7 minutes depending on the support and the thickness of the application.

What is the performance of each marker?
The performance on canvas is 209 metres for the 2 mm marker, 156 metres for the 4 mm marker, 181 metres for the 8 mm marker and 126 mm for the 15 mm marker. On a smooth surface, the performance will be higher.

Is the marker glossy and opaque on all surfaces?

The marker is glossy and opaque on any smooth, non-porous surface. On porous surfaces, such as untreated wood or «non-prepared» or non-isolated paper, the colour loses its gloss and/or opacity because the binder is absorbed by the support. However, thanks to their high concentration of pearl, the metallic colours retain their gloss on all supports.

Do the tips leave visible marks?
The gloss finish tends to facilitate the even application of the colour. The result is much more visible with large tips. For solid areas of even colour without any marks, it is best to use the 8 mm and 15 mm tips.

How to start applying the marker?
The 4ARTIST MARKER is a «paint»marker with a valve system. Therefore, to start using the marker:
1 : Shake the marker firmly with the cap closed until you hear the sound of the ball so that the colour mixes.
2 : Prime the tip on a secondary support.
3 : Test on a secondary support.
4 : Once the desired paint flow has been obtained, start to apply on the desired support.

How to start priming the marker?

To prime the marker, press the tip several times until it is saturated with colour.

Why should I do a test before using my marker?

It is advisable to do a test before using the marker in order to control the amount of paint on the tip. It is best to have a strong flow of paint for splashes and leaks and a weaker flow for details and a specific outline.

Can I mix my colours?

The marker’s specific formula allows you to tweak colours even after they have dried. Therefore, it is possible to mix colours with wet or dry paint.

Can I layer my colours?

It is possible to layer colours. For this, just «surf» over the colour beneath. However, owing to their solvent formula, the colours may tend to mix again if too much pressure is used when applying and/or if the colour underneath is not completely dry.

Can I redilute my colours?

The colours can be diluted with the odourless medium found in the 4ARTIST MARKER auxiliaries range to create glazed or blurred effects.

Is there a difference in colour between the wet and dry state?

Due to its oil-based formula and its glossy finish, there is little or no difference in the colour between the wet and dry state.

How to obtain beautiful effects of matter?
By its formula, which incorporates film-forming substances, it is possible to obtain a «textured» appearance by applying generously (splashes, drips, etc.) to a smooth surface.

How to obtain an effect of drips or splashes?

Splashes or drips are easier to obtain with the 8 mm and 15 mm tips. For this, soak the paint tip «to excess», then shake. Note that it is necessary to protect the eyes and, before closing the marker, to wipe the tip holder and recontrol the flow of paint.

How to obtain dilutions, blurred effects, glazes?

You can obtain a diluted, blurred and glazed brush effect with the 4ARTIST MARKER odourless medium.

Can I go over the colour again even after it has dried?

Yes, 4ARTIST MARKER’s formula allows you to go over the colour again even after it has dried.

With which other Pébéo products can 4ARTIST markers be combined?

The 4ARTIST MARKER can be used as a finish for many Fine Art paintings whether acrylic or oil. Also, the 4ARTIST MARKER adds to and completes the Mixed Media concept by Pébéo. It is the quintessential finishing tool! It completes a background made with reactive paints such as Prisme or Moon, on Vitrail and Ceramic Specialties and over/under Pébéo resins in order to make your work more graphic. Finally, the 4ARTIST MARKER odourless medium allows the marker to be completely erased on smooth dry surfaces such as resins and solvent-based paints.

What are the most relevant application supports for 4ARTIST ?

You can apply the 4ARTIST MARKER on canvas, paper, wood, metal, minerals and plastic. On porous supports, the binder contained in the marker will be absorbed and will produce a satin-effect finish. Therefore, it is advised to apply a Bindex varnish or aqueous phase primer from the 4ARTIST MARKER range in order to prepare the support.

To what extent should the 4 artist marker odourless medium be used?

The 4ARTIST MARKER odourless medium dilutes the colour and creates shaded or glazed effects. It also erases all marks left by the 4ARTIST MARKER on smooth, non-porous surfaces and on dry Pébéo Mixed Media paints.

Can I recharge my marker?
The 4ARTIST MARKER is not rechargeable.

Can I replace the tips?
Yes, it is possible to change the tips.

Do the tips of my marker dry out? (cap incorrectly repositioned after use, long periods without use, etc.)

For solvent-based products, this risk is limited by the very nature of the paint which is able to resolubilise itself.

What to do in the case of solvent on the tip?

Reprime and apply the colour on a secondary support until the tip fills with colour.

What to do in the case of colour on the tip? (tip dirty after layering)

Reprime and apply the colour to a secondary support until the tip is clean.

How to correct a mistake?

With the colour being opaque, you can go over it again with the desired colour, or if you are working on a smooth and non-porous surface, you can use the 4ARTIST MARKER odourless medium.

Is it possible to varnish a painting produced with the 4ARTIST MARKER? If so, what varnish should be used?

An aqueous phase varnish is required in order not to dilute the colour. The varnishes in the ARTIST ACRYLICS range are suitable.

Is it possible to erase the marker on any support even after drying?

It is possible to erase the marker using the 4ARTIST MARKER odourless medium. On smooth, non-porous surfaces in particular, the operation is very easy.