Fine Art : the Q&A Oil

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: On what type of media can I paint?
You can paint on canvases, of course, whether they are linen, cotton, polyester ... but also on cardboard, wood, hardboard plates or chipboard. Whatever the nature of the selected surface, how you prepare it before starting to paint is crucial for the sustainability of the artwork!

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: How do you prepare the surface to be painted?
Most canvases that are commercially available are ready to use. For canvases or other surfaces that are non-coated: first apply a very diluted layer of gesso, let dry, then apply a second undiluted coat.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: What is meant by "paint fat over lean"?
This means that you start by painting the background with thin layers and then apply with thicker layers, as you proceed, be sure to dry between each coat. This helps prevent cracking and separations, Impasto, simple and direct, are always unstable in the long term.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: What is a glaze?
A glaze consists in applying a light coating of transparent and fluid paint over a dry layer of opaque or transparent colour. This allows for changes in the colouration or decreasing the intensity of the original colour.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: What products should I use to thin the paint?
Mineral spirits and solvents allow liquefying the paste by thinning the colours. They are also used to clean tools.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: How do I correct a mistake?
Oil paint does not dry very quickly. When it is in layers, you can remove part of it with the back of a knife. You can also use turpentine to remove it or simply cover it by applying a layer of opaque paint over it.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: What are the usages of mediums?
Mediums are numerous and each has a specific function. Added to colour, they allow changing the texture, the gloss and also the transparency; they play an essential role in achieving glazes.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: What is a siccative?
The siccatives are added to the colour sparingly to accelerate the drying time. They activate the oxidation reaction and are used with restraint to avoid possible surface defects.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: Is it necessary to varnish your artwork?
No, varnishes allow for smoothing out the final appearance of the artwork and they protect it permanently. Plan a period of six months of drying time, or even a year, for works in thick layers before varnishing.

Huile d’Art Super Fine Oil: What are called series?
The series correspond to price series. They vary primarily based on the pigments that come in the respective composition of each colour.

XL Studio Oil: What is meant by painting "fat on lean"?
This means that you start with thin coats which you then enrich with successive coats, allowing the work to dry between coats. This will avoid cracking or peeling off. Simple and direct thick coats are always unstable in the long term.

Studio XL Oil: On what types of media can I paint?
You can paint on canvases, of course, whether they are linen, cotton, polyester ... but also on cardboard, wood, hardboard plates or chipboard. Whatever the nature of the selected surface, how you prepare it before starting to paint is crucial for the sustainability of the artwork!

Studio XL Oil: How do you prepare a surface to be painted?
Most canvases that are commercially available are ready-to-use. For canvases or other surfaces that are non-coated: first apply a very diluted layer of gesso, let dry, then apply a second undiluted coat.

Studio XL Oil: What is a glaze?
The glaze consists in applying a light covering of transparent and fluid paint and on a dry layer of opaque or transparent colour. This allows for the change in colouration or the decreasing in the intensity of the original colour.

Studio XL Oil: How do you correct a mistake?
Oil paint does not dry very quickly. When it is in layers, you can remove part of it with the back of a knife. You can also use turpentine to remove it or simply cover it by applying a layer of opaque paint over it.

Studio XL Oil: What products should I use to thin the paint?
The mineral spirits and solvents allow for liquefying the paste by thinning the colours. They are also used to clean tools.

Studio XL Oil: What are mediums used for?
Mediums are numerous and each has its specific function. Added to colour, they allow for changing of the texture, the gloss and also the transparency; they play an essential role in achieving glazes.

Studio XL Oil: What is a siccative?
The siccatives are added to the colour sparingly to accelerate the drying time. They activate the oxidation reaction and are used with restraint to avoid possible surface defects.

Studio XL Oil: Is it necessary to varnish artwork?
No, however varnishes allow for the smoothing out, the final appearance of the artwork and they protect it permanently. Plan a period of six months, or even a year, for work in thick layers before varnishing.

Auxiliary for oil: What should you apply to the surface to prevent the artwork from peeling?
To avoid peeling on a piece of artwork, remember to prepare your painting surface by applying gesso. Do not forget the rule of "fat over lean", which is essential to avoid the inevitable fall of colours.