Graphic Arts : the Q&A Pastels and charcoals

Pastels: What is the difference between oil pastels and hard pastels?
The main difference lies in their texture. Oil pastels can be used alone or diluted, while hard pastels do not dissolve. Pastels, oil or hard, allow for great spontaneity of strokes.

Pastels: Can hard pastels be applied to surfaces other than paper?
Yes, hard pastels can be applied to other surfaces; however they are preferably used on paper.

Pasteller: Yağlı pastel hangi yüzeyler üzerine uygulanabilir?
Yağlı pastel tüm boya yüzeyleri üzerine uygulanabilir.

Pastels: With which auxiliary can oil pastels be diluted?
Oil pastels are diluted with turpentine.

Pastels: Is it necessary to “fix” the pastel colours?
It is preferable to ‘fix” the pastel colours because they never completely dry. Use a spray to preserve the artwork over time.

Pastels: How long does it take to dry oil pastel colours?
The pastels never completely dry because they are made of wax and oil. To avoid that pastel colours from staining to the touch, you can apply a fixative on the artwork.

Pastels: Can the stains made with oil pastels on clothing be easily removed?
Yes, if you stain your clothes with oil pastel colours, wash them in hot water and the stains will disappear without difficulty.

Charcoals: How do you remove excess powder?
To remove the excess powder, you can simply blow on the artwork or gently tap the surface.

Charcoals: Is it necessary to fix a charcoal drawing to preserve it?
Yes; to preserve your artwork, you must use a spray fixative.